Born in Fairfield, Vermont, Chester A. Arthur was a graduate of Union College and an educator at several local schools. As an attorney, he helped represent Elizabeth Jennings Graham, an African-American teacher, in the 1854 case to desegregate New York City streetcars. During the Civil War, he served as Quartermaster General of the New York State Militia.
He was elected Vice-President of the United States in 1880 and, following the assassination of James A. Garfield, Arthur became the 21st President. During his time in office, he signed the Pendleton Act which prohibited the solicitation of federal employees for political contributions, and created the Civil Service Commission (now the Office of Personnel Management). He also presided over the dedication of the Washington Monument and the opening of the Brooklyn Bridge. [Read more…] about Presidential Wreath Laying Set For Grave of Chester A. Arthur