Mae Carol Jemison became the first African American woman accepted into NASA’s space training program on June 4th, 1987. Five years later, on September 12th, 1992, she became the first black woman to travel into space when she served as a mission specialist aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavor.
More information on Mae Jemison can be found in the Pieces of History blog: Mae Jemison: First Black Woman in Space.
This post is courtesy the National Archives.
Photo of Mission Specialist Mae Jemison taken during the Space Shuttle program on 11/19/1998 courtesy National Archives.