This stately structure on South Highland Avenue in Nyack could tell us if slaves were hidden here during the abolition movement. We would know about the political maneuverings and legal strategies of the successive generations of lawyers who called this place home. Or learn the downside of having a neighbor who owns a private zoo. The garden could share the secrets of what makes her bloom. But alas, buildings and garden beds don’t write books.
Fortunately for us, this house has a biographer, and her name is Judy Martin.
Judy has served Grace Church as treasurer and vestryman; the village as the manager of the Housing Authority, and is currently a dedicated volunteer at Grace’s Thrift Shop. She and her husband, Mac moved into the Towt house in 1967.
I think you start with the land; its earliest ownership records, and historical maps. I went to the county clerk’s office and researched the deeds as far as I could go. Deeds follow the actual ownership of the land and show changes, liens and court records.
If it’s a recent building, then the municipal building department has pertinent records. And once you have the deeds, then you can check the names to see who those people were.
The earliest owner that you documented was John Towt, who helped establish St. Philip’s AME Zion Church in Nyack. Towt was rumored to have been active in the Underground Railroad. Did you find any evidence of cavities in the home where escaping slaves could have hidden?
There were several places to hide a runaway slave in the old house, and there may have been more that were lost when spaces were taken for the indoor plumbing installation.
On the 4th floor there was a floor-to-ceiling wardrobe and a walk-in cedar closet. On the 3rd floor there was a three-part bay window seat that opened, and a hallway between rooms with doors opening out on each side.
Connecting the 2nd floor and the bottom floor kitchen there was a dumbwaiter, controlled entirely by ropes and pulleys inside the shaft, and located right next to an exit door on the second floor. And on the bottom floor there was a closet/exit door leading to the coal bin and a highly unusual small window leading from the underground root/fruit cellar to the space under the porch.
If it were my choice, I’d have chosen only the 2nd or 1st floor spaces, since all of them were within inches of the outside if a dash to escape were needed.
Have you ever seen a picture of John Towt?
I’ve never seen a picture of John Towt; and I’m not sure there is one. But when we worked on the master bedroom, we found a picture that had fallen down behind that fireplace mantel. It was labeled “first trousers.” It turned out to be Louis Leland Robbins, Jr., one of John Towt’s grandsons.
As is seen in the 1870 census, Elizabeth was the eldest child of John W Towt (1803-1891) and Susan Towt. The Towt land is delineated on the 1876 Atlas of Rockland County, showing two residential homes. The parcel extended all the way to what is now Route 303 and included Buttermilk falls.
One of the homes is identified on that map as the residence of M. M. Dickinson. Although the Dickinson family later owned the land north of the Towt land, and, in fact, sold a piece of it to Elizabeth in 1892, the Dickinson referred to here is Marcena Menson Dickinson, (1823-1890) who served as Orangetown Supervisor in 1856 and 1857, and two terms as Rockland County District Attorney, 1862-1868 and 1875-1878.
The land where the Nyack Middle School now stands was once owned by Pierre Bernard and operated as an Ashram called the Clarkstown Country Club. Apparently some of the guests in his menagerie made an impromptu house call once?
From 1942 – 1949, this home was owned and occupied by John and Anna Fruauf, and their daughter Doris Fruauf Rose. Their granddaughter, Tracey Rose Cummings, remembers that one afternoon, the monkeys belonging to Oom the Omnipotent (next door to the south) got loose, came down the hill, climbed the rose trellis and went into Doris’ third floor bedroom.
What drew you to this house?
We grew up outside Buffalo, NY, and wanted to live in a small community, not just a commuters’ suburb. When we walked on Main Street in Nyack, people we did not know greeted us, just as in our upstate village.
The first time we saw the house was on a foggy evening. We put in an offer and it was accepted, without ever knowing the house had a 12 month Hudson River view. The house was one of a kind, which appealed to us, and finally, we could afford it. It had 12 rooms, and every one of those and every inch outside needed help!
Today it would be called a handyman’s special. But we were young, energetic, and willing to learn whether the paste went on the wall or on the wallpaper!
What’s your favorite room in the house?
I love to cook and I love to eat, so of course, the kitchen is my favorite place, but for a quiet time with a good book, the house has lots of cozy corners and window seats and bay windows, and if it’s a really good thunder and lightning storm, you’ll find us outside on the porch, loving it!
It seems that you put as much effort into the grounds as you do the building. What is your favorite feature in your garden?
Up by the house, the hydrangeas, azaleas and rhododendrons create lovely living walls against which annuals smile at the house. And we are continually planting forsythia to create anti-deer fencing, and fruit trees to replace the tall maples as they topple.
But the private place is the terrace – totally surrounded by green, and supporting perennials changing with the seasons.
What is your current garden project?
I’ve just finished harvesting the mint to make mint jelly for lamb and curry dinners all winter.
Special thanks to Myra Starr.
Illustrations: Sketch by the author; watercolor by Beverley Bozarth Colgan; Judy Martin portrait photo by Dr. Arnold Roufa.
This story first appeared at Nyack News & Views.